French poet, touted as the most influential romantic writer of the 19th Century, Victor Marie Hugo, and his thoughts on:
These two haves of God, the Pope and the emperor.
God became a man, granted. The devil became a woman.
Obstacles to Fame
You have enemies? Why, it is the story of every man who has done a great deed or created a new idea. It is the cloud which thunders around everything that shines. Fame must have enemies, as light must have gnats. Do no bother yourself about it; disdain. Keep your mind serene as you keep your life clear.
You insist on the example [of the death penalty]. Why? For what it teaches. What do you want to teach with your example? That thou shalt not kill. And how do you teach thou shalt not kill? By killing.
A day will come when there will be no battlefields, but markets opening to commerce and minds opening to ideas. A day will come when the bullets and bombs are replaced by votes, by universal suffrage, by the venerable arbitration of a great supreme senate which will be to Europe what Parliament is to England, the Diet to Germany, and the Legislative Assembly to France.
One resists the invasion of armies; one does not resist the invasion of ideas.
Nothing is stronger than an idea whose time has come.
To put everything in balance is good, to put everything in harmony is better.
Jesus wept; Voltaire smiled. Of that divine tear and that human smile is composed the sweetness of the present civilization.
There shall be no slavery of the mind.
I represent a party which does not yet exist: the party of revolution, civilization. This party will make the twentieth century. There will issue from it first the United States of Europe, then the United States of the World.
To love is to act.
The need of the immaterial is the most deeply rooted of all needs. One must have bread; but before bread, one must have the ideal.