Here in the Philippines, the Catholic Church considers civil disobedience an option in its conflict with the government on the use of artifical contraceptives
MANILA, Philippines—As Church and State moved to avert a collision, Catholic bishops Sunday said civil disobedience remained “a moral option” for Catholics if the Aquino administration pushed for the distribution of artificial contraceptives to couples who want to use them.
The bishops said they had the moral authority to call for such an action if the government promoted an action contrary to the teachings of the Church.
“The Catholic Church in the Philippines can do that if it decides to do that because for one thing, civil disobedience is a moral option, one of the moral options,” said Msgr. Juanito Figura, secretary general of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (CBCP).
I don’t know if the Catholic Church is aware of this, but they too are very vulnerable to civil disobedience. Just less than a week ago, Carlos Celdran, a manila tour guide by profession protested inside the church with what may also be considered civil disobedience.
MANILA, Philippines – (UPDATE) Popular tourist guide Carlos Celdran was arrested Thursday afternoon after he held a protest in front of the main altar of the Manila Cathedral while an ecumenical service was going on.
Celdran was arrested by police after he began shouting for the Catholic Church to “stop getting involved” in politics during a ceremony marking the second anniversary of the “May They Be One Bible campaign,” a joint effort by Catholics and Protestant leaders to distribute five million Bibles to five million poor Filipino families.
He also held up a placard with the word “Damaso,” referring to the hated Spanish friar in Jose Rizal’s novel Noli Me Tangere.
“Stop involving yourselves in politics!” shouted Celdran, who dressed up like Rizal and also had a top hat, inside the cavernous cathedral.
He later told reporters that he did the stunt because the bishops needed to “hear what the Filipinos are saying.”
“Ninety percent of the people want the RH (reproductive health) bill,” Celdran said.
Carlos Celdran was then promptly arrested, but later released on bail. People were divided, some praised him, and some didn’t. While some people agreed with his message to stop meddling in politics, some of the same people felt that the means at which he did it was in bad taste. He had also violated a law.
Art. 133. Offending the religious feelings. — The penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its minimum period shall be imposed upon anyone who, in a place devoted to religious worship or during the celebration of any religious ceremony shall perform acts notoriously offensive to the feelings of the faithful.
But now back to civil disobedience.
Civil disobedience is the active refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power. Civil disobedience is usually, but not always,defined as being nonviolent resistance. In its most nonviolent form (in India, known as ahimsa orsatyagraha) it could be said that it is compassion in the form of respectful disagreement.
I personally don’t agree with the manner which Carlos Celdran expressed his message. But I couldn’t help but wonder, could his manner of expression also be considered ‘civil disobedience’? The very same kind of civil disobedience which the Catholic Church considers a ‘moral option’. And look again at the first quotation. It also stated, “The bishops said they had the moral authority.”
Moral authority? After the Pope has apologized for sexual harrasment? Haven’t they heard of the verse in the bible ‘Ye shall know them by their fruits.”
Pope Benedict XVI said Saturday he was ashamed of the “unspeakable” sexual abuse of children by priests, telling the British faithful during mass in Westminster Cathedral that he was deeply sorry and hoped the church’s humiliation would help victims heal.
Carlos Celdran himself stated that his act was an act of civil disobedience.
“I apologize for being rude. But it was necessary for me to be rude,” said he adding, “I am sorry for the method I used, but I am not sorry for the message I made.”
Celdran explained the necessity of his actions, citing the supposed threat made by church leaders to stage civil disobedience rallies following President Noynoy Aquino’s declaration of support for modern contraceptives.
At least one bishop said Aquino could be excommunicated.
“If you make threats about civil disobedience you gotta figure out what it feels like,” Celdran intoned.
Even assuming that civil disobedience is not done on the Catholic Church, it is still vulnerable to other events which may still be legal.
Is walking out of Sunday Mass illegal? I know of someone who walks out of Mass when she gets doesn’t agree what the priest says. Currently, there are a number of issues right now which some churchgoers may not like, some may even consider them offensive. Carlos Celdran disagreed with the supposed meddling of the Church in political affairs. The political affair in question was the ‘RH bill’.
From the same website.
There are of course other things which ‘decent Catholics’ are not supposed to do, unless they risk going to hell. These are all potential hot spots which can trigger walk outs.
We were also just talking about unpre-meditated walk-outs, now how about pre-meditated walk-outs. Pre-meditated walk-outs are just like pre-meditated rallies. What if a group of 50 decides to to attend mass, but later agree to all walk-out at the same time when a certain issue like the ‘RH bill’ is mentioned by the officiating priest, is this illegal. As far as the attendees are concerned they are still Catholics, they were born Catholics even though they don’t go to mass, so who should prevent them from attending mass.