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Posts Tagged ‘beliefs’

What kinds of belief are there? How can critical thinking define your beliefs?

Jeffrey Ellis writes a great article that differentiates beliefs based on faith, delusion, bias, and that based on critical thinking (hence the diagram above).

From his post:

The first thing that should immediately jump out at you is that CT-based belief does not overlap any of the other types of belief. Critical thinking has nothing to do with faith or delusion, and seeks aggressively to avoid all biases and fallacies.

Check out the rest of Jeff’s article here.

Jeffrey Ellis is the author of “The Thinker” blog–which I’ve added to our blogroll here and featured in our sidebar below because of its wonderful content. Jeff’s site is a great source for critical thinking ideas and concepts and we’re proud to feature him here.

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Dr. Tim Keller is a noted pastor and author and he speaks about the place of belief in God in an age of skepticism and idea of an exclusive truth in a pluralistic society.

He reacts to the notion that exclusivity, say in organized religion–is divisive in a democratic society and possibly leads to conflict. He talks about how to justify faith and exclusive beliefs in a democratic society.

Dr. Keller talks in the Veritas Forum at University of California, Berkeley.

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Why do people see the Virgin Mary on cheese sandwiches or hear demonic lyrics in “Stairway to Heaven”? Using video, images and music, professional skeptic Michael Shermer explores these and other phenomena, including UFOs and alien sightings. He offers cognitive context: In the absence of sound science, incomplete information can combine with the power of suggestion (helping us hear those Satanic lyrics in Led Zeppelin). In fact, he says, humans tend to convince ourselves to believe: We overvalue the “hits” that support our beliefs, and discount the more numerous “misses.”

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Psychologist Jonathan Haidt studies the five moral values that form the basis of our political choices, whether we’re left, right or center. In this eye-opening talk, he pinpoints the moral values that liberals and conservatives tend to honor most.

Liberals and conservatives value certain things similarly and other things differently. His captivating talk on moral psychology sheds insights on the nature of morality of religion and the nature of belief systems.

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